Séminaire (Physique) "Melting transition of hard disks: New algorithms, new insights"

Par Werner Krauth (Laboratoire de Physique Statistique - ENS). Organisé par l'Institut non linéaire de Nice (INLN).
Quand ? Le 18-04-2014,
de 11:00 à 11:00
Où ? Institut non linéaire de Nice, 361 routes des Lucioles, Sophia Antipolis, Valbonne
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The hard-disk model has exerted outstanding influence on computational physics and statistical mechanics. Decades ago, hard disks were the first system to be studied by Markov-chain Monte Carlo methods and by molecular dynamics. It was in hard disks, through numerical simulations, that a two-dimensional melting transition was first seen to occur even though such systems cannot develop long-range crystalline order. Analysis of the system was made difficult by the absence of adequate simulation methods.
In recent years, we have developed a number of powerful Monte Carlo algorithms for hard disks and related systems. I will in particular show how the powerful event-chain Monte Carlo algorithm has allowed us to show that hard disks melt with a first-order transition from the liquid to the hexatic and a continuous transition from the hexatic to the solid. I will finish with discussions on the general theory of two-dimensional melting and on the generalizations of the event-chain algorithm.

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